The Everest region is located in the northeast of Nepal. The 10/12 days walk through the middle hills of Solu to the higher altitudes of Khumbu to the base of Sagarmatha (Everest) the world’s highest peak, is an opportunity to observe and participate in the daily life of the legendary Sherpa people. The prime attraction – the 8,848 m peak of Mt. Everest – lies in Sagarmatha National Park (Natural - UNESCO World Heritage Site), which is also home to two other eight thousands – Lhotse and Cho Oyu – besides several other prominent peaks above 6,000 m. Designated as a World Heritage Site in 1979, much of the 1,148 sq. km park lies above 3,000 m. The park is composed of rugged terrain with deep gorges, glaciers and huge rocks. The vegetation in the park changes from pine, hemlock, fir, juniper, birch, rhododendron and shrubs to alpine plants and then to bare rock and snow. It is home to the Ghoral, Tahr, Serow and Musk Deer as well as the Impeyan Pheasant, Blood Pheasant, Red-Billed chough and the Yellow-Billed chough. The gateway to Everest region trekking is Lukla known as Sir Edmund Hillary Airport (2,850m).